For stabilizing the working area and ensure worker safety, you employ shoring techniques. However, not all shoring is created equal. It’s critical to know the difference between temporary shoring vs permanent shoring to select the appropriate solution for your specific needs.

What is Temporary Shoring?

Temporary shoring provides short-term support using components that can be installed and removed efficiently.
It’s a flexible option used during initial excavation and construction until permanent structures are in place. . It is meant to be removed once the permanent supports are in place.
Examples of temporary shoring include timber shores, bracing, struts and sheet piles.

What is Permanent Shoring?

Permanent shoring, on the other hand, utilizes durable components designed for long-term stability and strength. Permanent shoring systems become integrated into the final structure. It is constructed from durable materials like steel, concrete and masonry and is embedded deeply and securely into the ground. Permanent shoring is used when temporary supports will not suffice or when long-term stability and support are required.
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The choice between temporary versus permanent shoring depends on factors like soil conditions, project duration, and cost. With an understanding of these key differences, you can make an informed decision about which shoring strategy is right for your project.

What is difference between Temporary and Permanent Shoring?

It is important to understand the key differences between temporary shoring and permanent shoring in order to utilize the proper method for various construction projects.

Temporary Shoring Permanent Shoring
Temporary shoring uses materials like wood, while
Permanent shoring uses steel, concrete, etc.
Installation method
Temporary shoring is easier to install and remove.
Installation method
Permanent shoring requires excavation, drilling, welding, etc.
Temporary shoring provides support for a limited time.
Permanent shoring offers long-term stability.
Temporary shoring is often more economical.
Permanent shoring tends to be more expensive due to the materials and installation
Provide temporary support and is removed once permanent structures are in placeBuilt to last and provide long-term stability and support.
Temporary shoring is used when digging trenches, during the early stages of constructing foundations, or when stabilizing structures that have become unstable
Permanent shoring is designed and installed to permanently support structures like bridge abutments, retaining walls, and building foundations.

When to Use Temporary vs. Permanent Shoring

You will want to use temporary shoring in situations

  • Where work needs to begin quickly to stabilize an area. But more permanent solutions are still being designed or are cost-prohibitive at the time.
  • It can also be used in emergency situations where permanent stability is not initially required but some temporary support is needed.

Permanent shoring should be used

  • For any long-term structures or stability needs. This includes building foundations, bridge abutments, retaining walls, and underground parking structures.
  • Permanent shoring provides a sturdy, long-lasting solution where temporary fixes will not suffice.

Types of Temporary Shoring

Here are some common temporary shoring types:

Sheet Pile Shoring:

What is Sheet pile Shoring?

  • Steel sheets are driven into the ground to form a continuous wall, ideal for deep excavations with high water tables.
  • Can be interlocked for added strength and often require bracing support.

Soldier Pile and Lagging

What is soldier Pile and lagging?

  • Vertical steel beams (soldier piles) are installed along the excavation perimeter, with timber or concrete panels (lagging) attached between them.
  • Soldier piles and lagging Suitable for excavations of moderate depth in various soil conditions.

Soil Nail Walls Shoring

What is Soil Nail Wall?

  • Horizontal rods are drilled into the soil from the excavation face, providing tensioned reinforcement.
  • Soil Nail wall is Cost-effective for stable soil conditions with shallow excavations.

Tiebacks and Anchors Shoring

  • Cables or rods are anchored deep into the ground and connected to the shoring wall to resist lateral pressure.
  • Often used in conjunction with other shoring methods for enhanced stability.

Dead Shoring in Construction

What is dead shoring

  • Timber beams or steel props are used to directly support structures above the excavation.
  • Simple and versatile but limited in application and capacity.

Flying Shores in Construction

What is Flying shoring in construction?

  • Horizontal support to two parallel party walls. Transfer the load from an unstable structure to a stable one, typically another building or a strut system.
  • Fly shore Used for supporting existing structures during demolition or renovation.

Raking Shoring

What is Raking Shoring in Construction?

  • Inclined beams braced against the ground or another structure provide support for unstable walls.
  • Effective for temporary support of existing walls during repairs or alterations.

Choosing the right temporary shoring type is crucial for safety and project success. Consulting a qualified geotechnical engineer and structural engineer is essential to assess your specific project requirements and determine the most effective and safe shoring method for your application.

What are Types of Permanent Shoring?

Here are some common types of permanent shoring:

1. Contiguous Pile Walls:

  • These walls consist of rows of closely spaced steel or concrete piles driven into the ground.
  • The gaps between piles can be filled with soil, grout, or precast panels, forming a continuous and watertight wall.
  • Suitable for a wide range of soil conditions and excavation depths.

2. Secant Pile Walls:

  • Similar to contiguous walls, but piles interlock, creating a stronger and more watertight barrier.
  • Ideal for deep excavations and situations with high water pressure.

3. Diaphragm Walls:

  • Constructed by excavating panels of soil in sections and then pouring concrete within.
  • Suitable for very deep excavations and complex geometries.
  • Offers high strength and water tightness.

4. Soil Nail Walls:

  • Steel bars are drilled into the soil and anchored with grout.
  • Shotcrete (sprayed concrete) is applied to the excavated face, creating a reinforced earth retention system.
  • Cost-effective for stable soil conditions and medium-depth excavations.

5. Soldier Pile and Lagging Walls:

  • Similar to temporary shoring, but with permanent steel soldier piles and precast concrete or steel lagging panels.
  • Offers flexibility in design and adaptability to different soil conditions.

6. Anchored Walls:

  • These walls utilize tiebacks or anchors drilled deep into the ground to resist lateral soil pressure.
  • Often used in conjunction with other shoring methods for added stability.

7. Coffered Walls:

  • Constructed by sinking prefabricated concrete boxes into an excavated trench and backfilling the surrounding area.
  • Fast and efficient for shallow excavations in stable soil.

Choosing the right type of permanent shoring depends on several factors, including:

  • Depth and geometry of the excavation
  • Soil conditions and water table level
  • Lateral loads and earth pressures
  • Budget and construction constraints

Consulting with a qualified geotechnical and structural engineer is crucial to ensure the appropriate and safe design and implementation of permanent shoring for your specific project.

Remember, permanent shoring plays a vital role in the structural integrity and stability of the final construction. Investing in a properly designed and installed system is crucial for long-term safety and structural performance.


As you have seen, temporary and permanent shoring provide different purposes and outcomes in construction. With temporary shoring, you gain flexibility and cost-efficiency for your project. However, permanent shoring provides long term stability and durability. Now that you understand the key differences between these two methods, you can make an informed choice based on your specific project needs and priorities. Whether opting for adjustable versatility or fixed fortification, shoring allows you to safely and effectively support structures and ensure successful construction projects. With this knowledge in hand, you have taken an important step toward making your vision a built reality.